Americano, flat white, macchiatos, oh my! Here’s your handy list of the most popular coffee shop drinks and how each is made.
Differences in Coffee Drinks
There are two main differences in how coffee drinks are different. One is how it is prepared (espresso, coffee machine, French press are some examples) and the other is what’s in each drink.
For espresso drinks, the main difference the beverages is the ratio of espresso to milk and/or foam. A standard latte will be made with 2 shots of espresso, 10 ounces of steamed milk and little layer of foam while a cappuccino will be made with 2 shots of espresso and just 4 ounces of steamed milk and foam.
If you like more milk in your drink, get a latte but if you like a lot less, you can get a cortado which is made with equal parts espresso and milk. The different names of the drinks make it a bit confusing since with each slight variation, the name of the drink is changed.
Most Popular Coffee Drinks
There are so many coffee drinks out there and it’s hard to figure out how they’re all different. To help you figure out the difference, see my list of the most popular coffee drinks and see the variations in ratio of espresso to milk.
Made in an espresso machine using high pressure, espresso is a concentrated coffee drink. It’s the base of popular coffee drinks like lattes and cappuccinos. Espresso can be made using any kind of coffee bean from light to dark roast. ESPRESSO: 1-2 shots MILK: none DRINK SIZE: 1-2 ounces PRONUNCIATION: ESS-PRESS-SO
A ristretto is a shot of espresso made with less water. It’s a smaller drink than an espresso since it’s more concentrated, making it richer and slightly sweeter. ESPRESSO: 1-2 short shots MILK: none DRINK SIZE: .5-.75 ounce PRONUNCIATION: REE-STREH-TOH
Americano is a simple drink made from espresso and hot water so it’s like brewed black coffee but with richer flavor. ESPRESSO: 1-2 shots MILK: optional DRINK SIZE: 12 ounces (2 shots espresso 10 ounces hot water) is standard, but it can be made in any size by adding or reducing the amount of hot water PRONUNCIATION: UH-MEH-REE-CAHN-OH
Doppio means double in Italian and it’s a double shot of espresso. To order 2 shots of espresso, you can just say doppio. ESPRESSO: 2 shots MILK: none DRINK SIZE: 2 ounces PRONUNCIATION: DOPE-EE-YOH ESS-PRESS-SO
One of the most popular espresso-based drinks, lattes are made with 1 part espresso, 4 parts milk, and 1 part foam. If you’re new to espresso drinks, it’s a good drink to order since it’s made with the most milk. ESPRESSO: 1-2 shots MILK: 10 ounces steamed milk and microfoam DRINK SIZE: 12 ounces is standard but can be ordered in bigger sizes PRONUNCIATION: LAH-TAY
A classic Italian drink made with 1 part espresso, 1 part steamed milk, and 1 part foam. ESPRESSO: 1-2 shots MILK: 4-5 ounces steamed milk and foam DRINK SIZE: 6 ounces is standard PRONOUNCIATION: CAP-PU-CHEEN-O
An espresso macchiato is different than a latte macchiato. An espresso macchiato is 1 part espresso and 1/2 part foam. ESPRESSO: 2 shots MILK: 1 ounce foam DRINK SIZE: 3 ounces PRONOUNCIATION: MAKI-AH-TOE
A Caramel Macchiato is a latte but assembled a bit differently with the milk froth poured in first, then the espresso and it’s 1 part espresso, 4 parts milk, and 1 part foam ESPRESSO: 2 shots MILK: steamed milk and microfoam DRINK SIZE: 12 ounces or more PRONOUNCIATION: KEH-RAH-MEL MAKI-AH-TOE
Mocha is a drink made with espresso, chocolate, and milk. It’s essentially a latte with chocolate. ESPRESSO: 1-2 shots MILK: 8 ounces steamed milk and microfoam DRINK SIZE: 12 ounces is standard but can be ordered in bigger sizes PRONOUNCIATION: MOE-KAH
Cafe au lait is French for coffee with milk. It’s made with 1 part drip coffee (not espresso) and 1 part steamed milk. COFFEE: brewed coffee MILK: equal amount of milk to coffee DRINK SIZE: 8-20 ounces (no standard size) PRONOUNCIATION: KA-FEH-OH-LAY